Marketing Slogan – Mazingira Bora – Clean Environment
Riziki Safi Services ( referred to as RSS) is a waste management initiative of Riziki Kenya, supported by Devon Contract Waste in Lindi ward targeting residents of Kibra in the villages of Kambi Muru, Kisumu Ndogo and Lindi minor.
To date 754 clients have been recruited and the waste project benefits as many as 3000. Many clients were recruited after the July elections when people were assured there would be no violence in the slum.
Compound areas and alleys are now much cleaner and KIN’s visit to Nairobi in September 2013 included a walk through areas cleaned by RSS, which were noticeably waste free (see photo of Ruth, Pauline and Joseph, three Guardianship children near their shack).
The taka bag is also helping the children to learn about waste disposal and hygiene and some of the children have written about this in their annual updates to their KIN Guardians.
The RSS has been divided along the village boundaries in Kibra. Each member of the crew has his own zone to recruit clients, collect payment as well as organise marketing events. This has seen each of them allocated a client portfolio of approximately 160 clients. This eases reporting as well as performance and monitoring measures. The crew are also being incentivised to recruit more clients and collect the bad debts. It is hoped that 1000 clients will be achieved before the end of the year.
Additionally the caregivers are now being provided with taka bags during the group meetings and payment and collection from them will take place in this forum. Estelle Goodwin from KIN with RSS crew.
3. Exemption cases
RSS has identified two cases which should be exempted from the monthly payment:
- a village elder, on goodwill reasons. Since the project began he has continually supported the crew with market activation and consultancy.
- the family of Philigona Pamba, a client of RSS in Zone A. Her son, Morgan who is trying to complete his education but has been struggling to find the fees, has been recruited as part time crew. He is the breadwinner of the family. He is a student pursuing a bridging course in criminology to make it to the university. As Youth 6, while not in school he will be engaged to assist RSS for an allowance.
4. Crew Update
Youth 5 Dennis, has quit because the schedule for his football career was tightened. However he will be assisting as an extra hand when he is free, particularly on Thursdays and Fridays. RSS is also bridging the gap by having volunteers help with cart pushing especially now that the taka tonnage has doubled.
5. Client Numbers
|Month||Previous no.||Total clients||New clients||Villages and zoning|
|March||247||271||24||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi (A, B)|
|April||271||320||49||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi,Darajani (A,B, C, D)|
|May||320||521||201||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi, Darajani/Mashimoni(A,B, C, D|
|June||521||585||64||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi,Darajani/Mashimoni(A,B, C, D)|
|July||585||665||80||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi,Darajani/Mashimoni(A,B, C, D)|
|Aug||665||754||89||Kambi Muru,Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi,Darajani/Mashimoni(A,B, C, D)|
6. Challenges and Response
- Attitude: many families that have been driven to Kibra slum by economic hardships have yet to make it a priority to live in a clean environment. They are accustomed to dump their waste a stone throw from their doorsteps ignoring the consequences. This still remains the chief hurdle of the project. Caregivers and children are educated by the RSS team as often as possible. It is hoped that some compound areas will be persuaded to use large communal dustbins and work together to clear trenches;
- Bad debts: non payment of the full 100/- per month by many clients. The organisation of RSS into zones may improve the monitoring of bad debts. An upfront payment would be preferable;
- Security: security issues for the RSS crews in Kibra. These are difficult to resolve;
- Dogs: Marauding dogs sometimes tear the taka bags at night. Using gunny bags made out of sisal and hanging the bags out of the dogs reach will help. This is an opportunity for RSS to upscale to gunny bags especially with goodwill clients, businesses and schools. A total of 30 recycled gunny bags/sacks have been distributed sourced as donations by RSS crew. A few 20 litre bins have also been given to clients who have requested them because of paper bags being torn by cats and dogs.
- Transportation of waste: The holiday season saw more taka collection. Having increased the picking days to two, the previous option of a timed tipper collection become unmanageable because of constraints. The alternative of paying for parking the garbage solved the problem though the issue of wheeling it to the collection area, 1 km away, is the most physically exerting hurdle in the work schedule. A drop off point in Kambi Muru has not yet been realized and as such trips to Makina on Thursday and Friday continue;
- Foodstuff: Vendors of raw foodstuff require 3 taka bags but are only willing to pay for one per week. Replacing with gunny bags should help;
- Recycling: currently there is no recycling at the Dandora Waste Site where the RSS waste is taken. Some recycling is done informally. RSS hopes the government will introduce recycling. Additionally if RSS had a premises where it could sort the waste it could engage in recycling activities.
- Waterways: in areas that RSS clean, rubbish is transported from neighbouring areas along the water ways. Clean up days will help but until Kibra is waste free, this problem will continue;
- Tools: the carts are receiving excessive use and sometimes break. When the rains come transportation will be very difficult. This may improve if the Nairobi City Council extends the tarmacing of the tracks in Kibra.
- Sustainability: the project is far from being sustainable. Receipts account for less than 5% of cost currently (the updated accounts will be sent separately). To ensure sustainability other sources of income need to identified. To collect from the neighbouring estates a licence will be required and a tipper truck. Costs for these items will be sent with the updated accounts and a budget for 2014.
- Stakeholder Forum: RSS has met with other local organisations who are engaged in sanitation work in Kibra in a forum where ideas and plans are shared. RSS has also facilitated three clean ups – in Sarangone; Lainasaba; Ayany – Mbombolulu when the MP attended. Clean ups are effective in recruiting clients and cleaning areas but they require a lot of man power for marketing, door knocking, collection, transportation etc;
- Riziki Caregivers: Group pressure will be applied to the caregivers who are not in RSS yet living in its operation area. By the end of the year 50 members should be fully subscribed to RSS as an obligation.
- Toilet Block: Riziki operates a toilet block and an upfront payment of 150ksh’s per month for both using the toilet block and having waste collected, has been introduced. Upfront payments ensure no bad debts and clients of RSS should increase. Currently 40 families have access to the toilet block. Jackline, a caregiver does daily monitoring and cleaning and RSS do an overall clean once a week. Jackline is paid a small commission and uses the toilet block for free. The toilet block has capacity for 100 families. If all paid the joint rate RSS would benefit from 100ksh’s of the 150ksh’s fee – 10,000ksh’s per month. RSS plan to roll this out over the next few weeks.
8. Proposed Clean Up Day
Two cleanup activities by the year end are needed to boost the RSS presence. Already 5 Community Based Organisations have met and would like to interact bi weekly with RSS and Nairobi County Council will also be invited. The cleanup would help in consolidating efforts for awareness. The budget for one clean up is:
CLEAN UP BUDGET: PROPOSED DATE 21ST SEPTEMBER 2013
|Key Activities||Description of cost category||Sub Totals(KES)|
|1. Utilities forcleanup day||Disposable gloves 100||5,000|
|hire 5 carts @ 300 for 2 days (include RSS normalcollection and clean up day collection as all will becollected same time)||3,000|
|100 dust masks @ 50||5,000|
|Liquid Soap 5litres @ 400||400|
|700 Polythene Bags @ whole sale KES 14||9,800|
|Utility car, to drop off and pick up items||3,000|
|Mineral Water100 @ KES 45||4,500|
|2. Resource people||Community mobiliser, build up planning andexecution||10,000|
|Lunch for crew and additional add ups for day||3,000|
|3. Tipper charges||In liaison with NCC for day’s permit||5,000|
|4. Advertising||100 T shirts @ 600||60,000|
|Posters, ticker & leaflets||15,000|
|Banner 1 metre x wide||6,000|
|Total Direct Cost||135,700|
|Contingency cost||Maintenance, replenishing utilities engaging extrahelp to heap garbage to carts and take to drop offtipper point etc||13,700|
9. The Way Forward in 2014
The KIN Trustee Estelle Goodwin could see tangible benefit to the community of the service being provided. Areas worked by RSS have little waste compared to some of the other walkways. There are great health and community benefits. A visit from Devon Contract Waste would be much appreciated by the team.
Because the project is not self financing Riziki has been asked to prepare a budget for 2014 including Riziki delivery cost (to date this has been subsidised by KIN) together with projected income and the costs of expanding the service to neighbouring areas. There will also be a report on achievements in 2013. This will be ready within the next month and will give a clear idea of ongoing cost in 2014.